Border Management: Dilemma of Guarding the India-Bangladesh Border

Comdt. N. S. Jamwal was Research Fellow at IDSA specialising in Border Management. He is a Commandant in the Border Security Force (BSF) and has seen action in Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab and the North-East. He has also served as instructor in the BSF and the National Security Guards (NSG).
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  • January 2004

    India shares 4096 km (Assam-262 km, Tripura-856 km, Mizoram- 18 km, Meghalaya-443 km, West Bengal-2,217 km) long land boundary with Bangladesh (earlier East Pakistan). The Indo-Bangladesh border, which came into existence after India’s partition in 1947 gave rise to many questions as to the interpretation and implementation of the boundary so drawn. An effort was made to solve the outstanding border disputes with erstwhile East Pakistan and the Nehru-Noon Accord was signed in 1958. While some of the disputes were solved, many continued to haunt even after Bangladesh came into existence.

    The paper looks at various dimensions of management of the Indo- Bangladesh border including, challenges to its management and, the internal political and security environment of Bangladesh and recommends measures to improve the border management.

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