STRATEGIC ANALYSIS

Geopolitics of Western Indian Ocean: Unravelling China’s Multi-dimensional Presence

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  • September 2019
    Volume: 
    43
    Issue: 
    5
    Articles

    The Western Indian Ocean (WIO) is now attaining centrestage in the geopolitics of the Indian Ocean. Apart from France and the US, China holds significant interests in the WIO. China’s interests with the WIO states could be divided in four categories: dual-use infrastructure building, politico-diplomatic focus, connectivity-access and military activities. All four are interconnected and facilitate China’s desire to project power. For China, activities in the WIO serve the purpose of ensuring energy supplies, maintaining economic growth and securing military interests. China’s engagement with the WIO states presents difficult challenges for major powers of the Indian Ocean like India.

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