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Op-eds and Articles

  • September 30, 2016

    Nuclear sabre-rattling is the favourite pastime of Pakistan’s political and military leaders. Defence minister Khawaja Asif has once again held out a nuclear threat to India.

    He said, “Islamabad is open to using tactical (nuclear) devices against India if it feels its safety is threatened.”

  • September 30, 2016

    In an article I wrote within hours of the terrorist attack at Uri ten days ago (Time to hit and hurt the Pakistan army!, September 18, 2016), it had been suggested that 'such large-scale casualties must not go unpunished' and that 'for every act of terrorism on Indian territory for which there is credible evidence pointing to the Pakistan army and the ISI's involvement, carefully calibrated military strikes must be launched against the Pakistan army.'

  • September 30, 2016

    Like panthers prowling in the dead of night, several teams of the Special Forces of the Indian army crossed the Line of Control (LoC) on the night of 28 September. They struck with deadly effect and, as quietly as they had come in, they exfiltrated back across the LoC.

    In his briefing after the attack in Uri on 18 September, the DGMO had said that the army “reserves the right to respond” to the terrorist strike at Uri at a time and place of its choosing. It took ten days to plan the operation, which was based on accurate intelligence.

  • September 29, 2016

    It is a widely held belief that the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was highly relevant for India and its foreign policy interests during the bipolar era of the Cold War and that it has, since the 1990s, lost this relevance in a unipolar international order.

  • September 29, 2016

    India seems to be desperately searching for an option to adequately respond to Pakistan in the aftermath of the attack on the security forces in Uri in Jammu and Kashmir by the Pakistani-sponsored terrorist group Jaish-e-Mohammad. This time the search for options against Pakistan is intense because the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) now in power has been talking of tough action against Pakistan to prevent the recurrence of such incidents. The real options, however, still seem elusive.

  • September 28, 2016

    Nepal, surrounded by three nuclear powers of Asia- needs to adopt a careful policy as to whom to be aligned with. The policy of ‘non-alignment’ has no value now- so, where Nepal wants to incline for its betterment is a burning question.

    Indo-Nepal relations are more utility based rather than cultural or religious. Emotional values have no importance in the present world of rational philosophy which needs redefinition in our context.

    The new constitution promulgation was the acid text for Nepal that was disliked by some Madhesi and ethnic based groups.

  • September 27, 2016

    Associate Fellow, IDSA, Mr Vinod Kumar's chapter titled ‘Between Idealism, Activism, and the Bomb: Why did India Reject the NPT?’ was published in the Routledge edited volume ‘Negotiating the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty: Origins of the Nuclear Order, edited by Popp Roland, Liviu Horovitz and Andreas Wenger. 

    Access book [+]

  • September 23, 2016

    With North Korea adding to the number of nuclear explosions on the eve of the 20th anniversary of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), a renewed debate on the role of the treaty to ban nuclear weapons testing is necessary. Signed in 1996 and presently having 183 signatories and 164 ratifiers, the treaty remains in limbo because of a structural prerequisite that prevents it from entry into force.

  • September 21, 2016

    The Pakistani Army and its sidekick the ISI thought we would not react this time when 18 soldiers were killed and several others wounded in a terror strike in Uri by Jaish e Mohammed operatives, with guns, grenades, clothes and rations all with Pakistan’s markings on it. Yet Pakistan is in denial and why should we expect a different reaction?

  • September 20, 2016

    हम बात करें या न करें, हमला तो हमें सहना ही पड़ता है। इसलिए मौजूदा हालात के मद्देनजर अब वक्त है जब भारत पाकिस्तानी सेना और आतंकवादी सरगनाओं को ऐसे ही हमलों के जरिए जवाब दे।

  • September 18, 2016

    'For every act of terrorism on Indian territory for which there is credible evidence pointing to the Pakistan army and the ISI's involvement, carefully calibrated military strikes must be launched against the Pakistan army,' says Brigadier Gurmeet Kanwal (retd).

    The Pakistan-sponsored fidayeen attack on an army camp in Uri on September 18, that resulted in the martyrdom of 17 soldiers, is the worst since 2002. Though all four fidayeen were killed, that is cold comfort for an army at the receiving end.

    Such large-scale casualties must not go unpunished.

  • September 17, 2016

    India-Nepal relationship has always been regarded as one of the most successful examples of bilateral relations worthy of emulation by states while relating to India in the neighborhood. India and Nepal have open border between them; Nepalese nationals work in India and even serve in Indian security forces to safeguard Indian borders; and in terms of cultural connectivity, historical linkages and volume of people-to-people contact both the countries have set a unique template in interstate relations.

  • September 09, 2016

    As India recommences its bid for entry into the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), Pakistan has offered it a bilateral nuclear non-testing agreement. At first glance, this proposal might seem like a positive suggestion. However, deeper inspection suggests more interested motivations from Pakistan’s perspective, especially considering India already has a voluntary moratorium on nuclear tests and has expressed commitment toward a non-discriminatory and time-bound Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT).

  • September 08, 2016

    The events of the last week have been interpreted by some as the failure of the State to reach out to the separatist elements in Kashmir. On the face of it, this does seem to be the reality of the situation. However, a more deliberate analysis of the situation reveals an entirely different picture, which is far more disturbing for the forces of moderation.

  • September 06, 2016

    Referring to the continuation of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act, senior political leaders no longer in government have insinuated on national television that the Indian Army has been given a veto over the decisions of the Cabinet Committee on Security. Can this ever be true?

    The army, navy and air force chiefs are not even permanent invitees to meetings of the CCS; they attend only those meetings to which they are invited by name.

  • September 02, 2016

    During the visit of US Defence Secretary Ashton Carter to India in April this year, India and the United States had agreed “in principle” on a logistics support agreement which was first proposed in 2004. After years of deliberations, India and the United States formally signed this agreement known as Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA) this Monday in Washington DC, during Indian Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar’s visit to the United States.

  • September 02, 2016

    India’s ‘Act East’ policy has received a momentous push with recent incoming and outgoing visits by the high level delegations. Indian President Pranab Mukherjee visited Brunei and Thailand in February and New Zealand and Papua New Guinea in April. In July, Minister of State for External Affairs V K Singh visited Laos to attend the ASEAN-India Summit and Mekong-Ganga Cooperation Finance Ministers meeting. In August, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj paid a one day visit to Naypyidaw, the capital of Myanmar.

  • August 01, 2016

    Research Assistant, IDSA, Dr Titli Basu’s article on ‘India’s Balance of Interest in the Asian Century’ was published in Alternative Scenarios, The Asan Forum, Vol. 4, No 4, August 2016. Online ISSN 2288-5757.

  • August 01, 2016

    China sees the U.S. hand ubiquitous in the July 12 award by the Permanent Court of Arbitration on the Scarborough Shoal dispute in the South China Sea — first in instigating the litigation by the Philippines, then in fanning the flames of discontent among the countries of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), and finally in securing its one-sided outcome. Chinese experts further allege that the five-member tribunal was tainted — selected by the President of the Court, Shunji Yanai, allegedly a right-wing, pro-Abe, and anti-Chinese national of Japan.

  • July 27, 2016

    India’s attempt to become a participating government of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) was thwarted at the 2016 plenary in Seoul, principally because of opposition from China. Despite the initial impediment, this is not a permanent setback. It is significant that the NSG has taken up India’s application, implying thereby that the export control group has initiated the process. China has even indicated that there is space for negotiations, and a possible solution can be reached.