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India and the Persian Gulf: Bilateralism, Regional Security and the China Factor

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  • May 11, 2022

    Associate Fellow, Manohar Parrikar IDSA, Dr Md. Muddassir Quamar’s Issue Brief ‘India and the Persian Gulf: Bilateralism, Regional Security and the China Factor’ has been published by Institute for Security & Development Policy, Sweden.

    The brief discusses how regional security in the Persian Gulf is vital for the international oil and gas market, and maritime security in the western Indian Ocean. For India, the region is additionally significant for the presence of its large expatriate population in the GCC and as an “extended neighborhood.” For three decades, India’s policy towards the Gulf and wider West Asia/Middle East region has been marked by bilateralism within the broader framework of a multi-aligned foreign policy. India eschews taking sides in regional disputes as it can harm its primary interests pertaining to trade, commerce, business, security and defense cooperation. However, the developments in the Indo-Pacific, deterioration of Sino Indian relations, the expansion of China threat perception to western Indian Ocean, and the convergence on the China factor with the US and European countries is pushing India to recalibrate its regional approach as noticeable from three recent events.

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