India-Japan Relations

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  • India-Japan and ‘Confluence of the Two Seas’: Ten years on

    The India-Japan ‘action-oriented partnership’ is founded on the pillars of mutuality of interests, shared universal values and commonality of vision in the Indo-Pacific.

    September 13, 2017

    Furthering India-Japan Defence Cooperation: Arun Jaitley indicates a new approach

    While there is no doubt that India could do with help from Japanese defence firms, the modality of acquiring technologies from foreign companies in general requires to be clearly articulated.

    May 15, 2017

    Rathrachna Hoeung asked : Are there any security implications of the Japan-India Special Strategic and Global Partnership for Southeast Asia?

    Rahul Mishra replies: Both India and Japan have mutually beneficial diplomatic and economic interests in the Southeast Asian region. While India has been strengthening its ties with countries in the region, both bilaterally as well as multilaterally, earlier through its ‘Look East’ and now ‘Act East’ policy, Japan’s renewed interest in the region too is clearly evident from its proactive diplomatic engagements under Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.

    Prime Minister Modi’s visit to Japan

    While the highlight of the visit was the signing of the nuclear agreement, other agreements signed will continue the rising trajectory in the strategic, economic, political and security partnership between the two countries

    November 18, 2016

    India in Japan’s Geo-strategic Outlook

    Japan’s long-standing alliance with the US is the key feature of its defence and security policy. However, China’s rise and impact on shaping the regional security architecture, and the vigour of US commitment in the backdrop of a G2 formulation, is making Japan diversify her options. Thus, India now features in the Japanese idea of Asia while it struggles to cope with the fluidity of the regional security landscape. This article critically analyses the increasing space accorded to India and the variables behind Japan’s courtship of it.

    July 2016

    Make in India and the Expanding Scope for India-Japan Defence Cooperation

    India’s defence modernisation presents enormous opportunities for the Japanese defence industry, which until recently concentrated exclusively on the domestic market in order to demonstrate Japan’s commitment to peace.

    December 29, 2015

    India-Japan Relations: New Times, Renewed Expectations

    India-Japan Relations: New Times, Renewed Expectations

    The biggest takeaway for India from Prime Minister Modi’s visit is Abe’s assurance of $33.5 billion public and private investment and financing including ODA, doubling Japanese FDI and the number of companies in India over the coming five years.

    September 04, 2014

    Priya Juneja asked: The economic ties between India and Japan while growing in recent years is still far below its potential. What are the policy constraints?

    Pranamita Baruah replies: India-Japan economic ties have witnessed remarkable growth in the last few years. In the FY 2011-12, the bilateral trade reached $18.43 billion from $13.72 billion in 2010-11. The conclusion of the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) between the two countries in October 2010 has played a significant role in enhancing the economic ties. According to the survey conducted by the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) in FY 2012, India was ranked the second (after China) among the promising countries for overseas business by the Japanese companies over the medium term. Since 2003-04, India has been the largest recipient of Japan’s Official Development Assistance (ODA). In fact, by February 2013, 66 projects were under implementation in India with Japanese ODA. Among them, the Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) and Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) projects have been the most ambitious ones so far.

    Unfortunately, the bilateral trade seems to be quite disappointing given the enormity of the two economies. The investment from Japan too fails to reflect the potential of Japan to invest and the capability of India to absorb it. In spite of the fact that India’s growing economy and stable investment climate provides lot of opportunities to foreign companies, it still has not been able to attract adequate attention of the Japanese investors. Lack of appropriate infrastructure development is considered to be one of the major constraints in this regard. Till 1990s, factors like corruption, red-tapism, dense Indian bureaucracy, rampant corruption, social unrest, political instability, etc. seemed to discourage Japanese companies/investors from investing in India. Many of these factors continue to remain relevant even in today’s context. Adequate policy decision in doing away with these challenges is extremely important in boosting the India-Japan economic ties further.

    (Posted on June 02, 2014)

    Shinzo Abe’s Visit to India: Reviewing the Strategic Partnership

    Japanese prime minister Abe realises that solely relying on the US-Japan security alliance might not serve national interest in the fast evolving regional security architecture. So the leadership is diversifying its options and strengthening cooperation with countries like India and Australia.

    February 27, 2014

    Anudeep asked: How India-Japan relations can counter-balance Chinese assertions in the Asian theatre?

    Rup Narayan Das replies: India-Japan relationship has its own economic, political, and strategic imperatives, and should not be seen through the prism of containing China. As of now, India has received approximately US$15 billion in FDI from Japan. This accounts for about 7 per cent of the total FDI in India. Besides, there are more than 1,000 Japanese companies who have their offices in India. Also, India has been the largest recipient of Japan’s Official Development Assistance (ODA). Japanese companies are household names in India, be it automobiles or consumer durables. India’s infrastructural development projects of about $1 trillion, the prospect of High Speed Railways, and the recent decision to permit FDI in the railways, offer excellent win-win opportunities to both India and Japan.

    China’s assertiveness in the Asian theatre is certainly an issue which India and Japan cannot ignore. Both India and Japan would like to engage China for regional peace and stability, and to create and support a more balanced regional architecture. The defence cooperation between India and Japan should help in facilitating peace and stability in the region. A geo-strategic equilibrium in the Asia-Pacific region is in the interest of all the stakeholders as far as maritime security, freedom of navigation and energy security are concerned.

    For more on the subject, please refer to my following publication:

    The China Factor in India-Japan Relations,” China Brief, Jamestown Foundation, 14 (2), January 24, 2014.

    Posted on February 03, 2014

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