In the 21st century, nuclear security (NS) risks are more tangible with the probability of nuclear weapons and materials falling into the hands of terrorists becoming more real. The NS threat scenario presents a complex matrix of violent terrorism, Islamist militancy, a proliferation network originating from Pakistan (A. Q. Khan Network) and its spread to Iran, Libya and North Korea. To mitigate nuclear risks and inspire global nuclear confidence, an institutionalized structure is critical for strengthening NS.
Associate Fellow, IDSA, Dr Reshmi Kazi’s article on the 20th anniversary of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), titled ‘CTBT at 20: India and an Unequal Treaty’ was published in South Asian Voices on September 23, 2016.
Associate Fellow, IDSA, Dr Reshmi Kazi’s article on Pakistan’s offer of bilateral nuclear non-testing agreement, titled ‘No First Use Over Non-Testing: Practical Options for South Asian Regional Stability’ was published in South Asian Voices on September 9, 2016.
A watershed moment for nuclear security was reached when global leaders from more than 50 countries including India and other organisations met successively over six years (2010–2016) to develop an effective and sustainable plan for global nuclear security. At the end of six years, much has been accomplished to improve and upgrade nuclear security in several countries. Despite this perseverance, threats to nuclear security still remain undiminished, primarily because wrong people nursing a malicious agenda desire nuclear and radiological materials.
Associate Fellow IDSA, Dr Reshmi Kazi’s article on Impasse over India’s membership in the ‘Nuclear Suppliers Group’ (NSG) titled ‘India, the NSG, and the Chinese Impasse’ was published in E-International Relations on July 20 2016.
The outcome of the NSG plenary in Seoul is most likely to be the admission of India to the NSG, denial or postponement of a decision on Pakistan’s application, but deferment of both announcements to a later date.