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Kapil Patil

Kapil Patil is an Intern at the Indian Pugwash Society, New Delhi.

Revisiting India’s Nuclear Doctrine

March 27, 2017

India’s current nuclear doctrine does not call for an automatic massive retaliation for Pakistan’s use of TNWs against Indian troops on Pakistan soil. However, this does not mean that such an attack will go unanswered.

The Eight Review Conference of the Biological Weapons Convention: A Missed Opportunity

July-December 2016

The recently concluded Eighth Review Conference of the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) held in Geneva reached a disappointing outcome as the participant states failed to adopt any meaningful programme of work for the next inter-sessional period, 2017-2021. The failure of the conference is clearly a missed opportunity in terms of reinforcing the norm against the use and spread of bio-weapons.

Membership Expansion in the Nuclear Suppliers Group

June 22, 2016
Membership Expansion in the Nuclear Suppliers Group

The outcome of the NSG plenary in Seoul is most likely to be the admission of India to the NSG, denial or postponement of a decision on Pakistan’s application, but deferment of both announcements to a later date.

North Korea and Prospects for Chemical Weapons Disarmament

January-June 2016

North Korea's refusal to join the chemical weapons convention (CWC) and its illicit transfer of chemical warfare suits to Syria in 2009 has raised serious proliferation and international security concerns. Pyongyang is world's third largest possessor of chemical weapons and seeks to use these weapons in the event of war with United States and Republic of Korea.

100 Years On: Strengthening the Norm against Chemical-Weapons Use

January-June 2015

In 22nd April, 1915, during the First World War (WWI), German forces used Chlorine gas for the first time, killing thousands of French troops in the battlefields in Ypres, Belgium.1 This incident introduced the era of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) in the history of modern warfare. Since then, chemical agents have become the only WMDs to be used repeatedly in conflict situations.

Resolving India’s Nuclear Liability Impasse

December 06, 2014
Resolving India’s Nuclear Liability Impasse

India’s Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act has emerged as an appropriate template that could rekindle the nuclear energy sector while also safeguarding the public interest.

Revisiting India’s Nuclear Doctrine

June 20, 2014

In principle there is nothing wrong in revisiting the doctrine but such revisions/reviews must be based on sound and valid reasons. The proponents of the doctrinal review argue that India’s existing doctrine is ill-suited to deter Pakistan from using tactical nuclear weapons against India.

China’s Reactor Sale to Pakistan: The Known Unknowns

November 15, 2013

The reported offer of China to sell 1000 MWe reactors to Pakistan has raised a number of issues. China applied for NSG membership in 2004 only after being satisfied that it can safeguard its nuclear commerce with Pakistan even after joining NSG. It must be clearly understood that China’s application for joining NSG was at the repeated appeals of NSG and not the other way around.

Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant: How Safe is Safe Enough?

August 02, 2013

The Koondankulam plant has finally attained criticality but doubts will continue to be raised about the safety of the reactors. What do nuclear risk assessment methods tell us about the possibility of future accidents at KKNPP?

Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant and Civil Nuclear Liability

November 09, 2012

The Right of Recourse embedded in the Indian nuclear liability law has ensured that more than four years after the NSG granted exemption to enable nuclear commerce with India, India has not been able to finalise a single contract with any of the countries with which it has signed nuclear cooperation agreements for any nuclear facility.