The Group of Government Experts need to take into consideration complex and inter-related concerns of space activities before formulating the Transparency and Confidence Building Measures. The need is to have an effective mechanism and not an accommodative one.
This paper discusses such delivery mechanisms commonly known together as nuclear triad in the Indian context. The paper has four major parts. The first part attempts to set the context for the overall discussion. The second, third and fourth parts deals with the evaluation about missile forces, aerial platforms and submarine based platforms for nuclear weapon delivery on the targets.
“Innovation” has become a buzz word in recent science and technology policies of various countries. It has also been given ample importance in the science and technology policies and programmes of India, China and Pakistan. It is interesting to know on what exactly these countries are focusing in their recent science and technology policies and how these new policies and programmes will help them in social development, economic growth, technology innovation and pursuing national interests.
For almost the last 50 years, space collaboration has significantly remained intact between France and India. They have worked together on a range of issues from satellite applications, developing small satellites to earth system science and weather satellites.
The Third Review Conference of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) is scheduled to take place in Hague during 8-19 April 2013. The previous two review conferences were held in 2003 and 2008. They stressed on the ‘Universality’ of the CWC. This conference is also expected to continue along the same principle.
Angola, a country in southern Africa, which has no officially confirmed history of possession and use of chemical weapons by the state. However, it should be noted that South Africa, in defence of its earlier chemical and biological weapons programme, often cited the capture of chemical detection and decontamination equipment and treatment systems in Angola. There were instances of chemical weapons being used inside Angola when it was under Portuguese colonial rule.
Civil society has played a very important role in the framing of the regime against chemical weapons. Following the adoption of the Biological Weapons Convention in 1972, Civil society actively supported negotiations that led to the adoption of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in 1992. However after coming into force the relationship between CWC and Civil Society underwent an important change.