The Montreal Protocol has been regarded as the most of effective international treaty mechanism of all time and it has been successful in handling the question of ozone depletion with the help of mechanisms like Multilateral Fund.
Egypt has for long possessed chemical weapons (CW) and biological weapons (BW), and was unable to make much progress in the nuclear weapons (NW) domain, at least as yet, Qaddafi's Libya on the other hand produced CW, developed BW, neared nuclear capacity as well, eventually, but shifted to total deproliferation in due course.
The most significant aspect of the CWC is the provision for a Challenge Inspection (CI) mechanism, to address any possible concerns of any member state regarding the possible non-compliance to the provisions of the CWC by any other member state.
If Chinese companies eventually end up bidding for Urenco, there is no reason why Indian companies should not do so. India can form a joint-venture with counterparts in Brazil, South Africa and, if needed, China (even Russia) using common interests envisioned through forums like the IBSA or BRICS to enter this race.
This article discusses the utility and limitations of existing space surveillance networks to address the issue of spaceflight safety and proposes a way forward.
The public-private partnership and emphasis on research and development are the key features of the document calling for collaborative engagements and operational cooperation with industry and academia.
India’s niche military and intelligence technologies in the field of cyber, space, robotics and jamming can have potential deterrence value and a ‘war minus’ option against Pakistan.
The Koondankulam plant has finally attained criticality but doubts will continue to be raised about the safety of the reactors. What do nuclear risk assessment methods tell us about the possibility of future accidents at KKNPP?