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  • Lifeblood of Terrorism: Countering Terrorism Finance

    Lifeblood of Terrorism: Countering Terrorism Finance
    Author
    2015

    Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing India
    ISBN 978-93-84052-18-8

    Price: Rs. 599 [Download E-Copy] [Buy Now]

    About the Book

    Terrorism finance has aptly been termed as the lifeblood of terrorism. Yet, this remains one of the most under researched facets of terrorism. This limitation is even more apparent in the Indian context, despite the fact that the country has faced the scrouge of terrorism and insurgency for over five decades. Lifeblood of Terrorism: Countering Terrorism Finance, is the first book on the subject in an Indian context. The book contextualises the concept of terrorism finance to local realities based on distinct peculiarities as related to India. It documents the sources, transfer mechanisms and employment of funds for supporting organisational structures and acts of terrorism. The book also analyses two case studies to highlight in detail the methods employed for external and internal funding. The challenges associated with terrorism finance are further related to contributing factors which have aggravated the threat.

    A SWOT analysis of existing sources, challenges and approach to terrorism finance is employed to suggest a strategy for countering the financing of terrorism. The strategy recommends measures at the policy planning level to curb the threat at the source of terror funding, transfer stage and during distribution of finances. The book further suggests organisational changes to improve the approach to terrorism finance without undertaking major restructuring of the existing setup.

    About the Author

    Colonel Vivek Chadha (Retd), served in the army for over 22 years, before taking premature release to pursue research. He is a Research Fellow at the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA), New Delhi. He has written extensively on counterterrorism and counterinsurgency in the Indian context. His single author books on the subject of terrorism include, Low Intensity Conflicts in India – An Analysis and Company Commander in Low Intensity Conflicts. In addition, he has contributed a number of chapters in edited books, papers in journals and articles for newspapers. He is the co-editor of the annual Asian Strategic Review and is on the editorial board of the Journal of Defence Studies at IDSA.

     

    Contents

    Introduction

    Countering the Challenge

    Relevance of Countering the Financing of Terrorism

    Contextualising the Argument

    Shaping the Approach

      SECTION I: SOURCES AND CHALLENGES OF TERRORISM FINANCE

    1. Existing Assessment of the Sources and Linkages Between Terrorism Finance, Money Laundering and Crime

      Identification
      Assessment
      Crime, Money Laundering and Terrorism Finance Nexus

    2. External Sources of Terrorism Finance

      NGO s, Charities and Donations
      Counterfeiting of Currency
      Narco Finance
      State Sponsorship
      Means of Transfer
      Case Study: Fake Indian Currency Notes
      Origin of Fake Indian Currency Notes
      Creation of a National Network
      Modus Operandi
      Routes Employed for Transfer of Fake Indian Currency Notes
      Implications of Conviction

    3. Internal Sources of Terrorism Finance

      Extortion and Taxation...
      Crime
      Non-Governmental Organizations
      Designated Non Financial Businesses and Professions
      Means of Transfer
      Case Study of the United National Liberation Front

    4. Contributing Factors

      Identification and Evaluation of Threat
      Corruption
      Shortage of Manpower
      Capacities
      Coordination
      Forensic Training
      Prosecution and Conviction
      Speed of Trial

    5. Funding Patterns and Trends

      Generational Funding
      Diversity of Sources
      Narco Terrorism
      Trans Border Mobility
      Counterfeiting
      Conclusion

    6. SECTION II: International Guidelines and Case Studies

    7. International Guidelines for Countering the Financing of Terrorism

      UN Guidelines
      Financial Action Task Force
    8. Assessment of the US and EU CFT Initiatives

      US Strategy
      European Union Strategy
      Assessment of US the and European Union Models
    9. SECTION III: Strateg y for Countering the Financing of Terrorism

    10. Existing Countering the Financing of Terrorism Framework and Purpose of a Strategy

      Existing Framework
      Purpose of Strategy
      Long Term Vision
    11. Strategy for Countering the Financing of Terrorism
    12. External Sources

      Counterfeit Currency
      D rug Trafficking
      Non-Governmental Organizations/Charities
      State Funding
      Means of Transfer

    13. Internal Sources

      Extortion
      Charities and Non-Governmental Organizations
      Crime
      Designated Non-Financial Businesses and Professions
      Means of Transfer

    14. Contributing Factors

      Identification and Evaluation of Threat
      Corruption
      Need for a Unified Mechanism
      Coordination
      Legislative Support
      International Co-operation
      Border Management
      Building Strength of Forces
      Freezing Financial Assets
      Private Sector
      Capacity Building and Training
      Prosecution and Speed of Trail
      Conclusion

    15. Countering the Financing of Terrorism Organisation: Assessment and Options

      Countering the Financing of Terrorism Agencies
      Policy Agencies
      Criminal Justice and Operational Agencies
      Evaluation of the Organisational Structure
      Recommendations

    Annexures

    Annexure 1: SWOT Analysis
    Annexure 2: Statement of Manjunath J.
    Annexure 3: Seizures Made by DRI
    Annexure 4: The FA TF Recommendations: February 2012

    Index

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